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Aukštaitija National Park and Labanoras Regional Park Headquarters
Lūšių g. 16
Palūšė, Ignalinos r. LT-30202
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Geography Print

GEOGRAPHY

Location

Aukštaitija National Park covers 4,050 ha of a hilly wooded area in East Lithuania, 100 km North from Vilnius and 170 km North-Eats from Kaunas. Three administrative districts meet there. 50% of the park’s area belongs to Ignalina District, 25% - to Utena and Švenčionys respectively. National Park Headquarters are in Palūšė, Ignalina district.

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Relief

The average altitude in the park rises 150 m above sea level, while the highest hill peaks to more than 200 m a.s.l. Glacier covered Lithuania several times. It shaped the surface of the area during the last ice age which ended 14 thousand years ago. Due to this, the relief in the park is rather embossed and diverse. The moving ice gouged lake hollows and pushed up the moraine elevation. The Šiliniškės Ridge is nothing but an end moraine – it marks the edge of glacier where it stopped for the last time. Nowadays the ridge became the park’s visit card and main attraction for the tourists because of its scenery. It is some kind of park’s spine and lies from South-East to North-West. Thick forest cover makes it look like a back of a sleeping dragon.

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Waters

Water floods 15% of park’s area. There are 126 lakes from 0,5 to more than 800 ha in size. The largest Lake Kretuonas has a surface of 829 ha. Lake Dringis is smaller in size (725 ha), but not according the numerous islands, capes and lagoons. It’s shoreline is 31,5 km long. Lake Tauragnas is the deepest lake not only in the park, but in Lithuania as well. The deepest place is 60,5 m under the water. Lake Žeimenis is the longest in the park. 10 km long and only few hundred metres wide it reminds a river. Rivers and channels connect lakes which makes easy to travel by boat from lake to lake. The River Žeimena gathers all the water and it possible to continue a boat trip and reach the Baltic Sea.

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Climate

Climate in Aukštaitija is marine-continental. Sun shines approximately 1707 hours per year. Average year temperature is +5,5Ā°C, but depending on season it ranges between extremes -40Ā°C and +34Ā°C. The warmest weather is in July, but in August it is more steady. Vegetation begins in mid April and ends in October. First snow comes in the middle of November, but the constant snow cover appears only in December and lasts until end of March. Weather conditions are changing very suddenly, therefore visitors are advised to be prepared and bring suitable clothing. Due to the diversity of relief and abundance of lakes differences in microclimate are obvious.

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